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Pigmentation is a condition that causes dark spots on the skin. There are various kinds of pigmentation.

  • Superficial pigmentation
    •Frictional pigmentation
    •Deep pigmentation
    •Hyper pigmentation
  • Ideal Candidates for Treatment.
  • Good physical and good health, must be able to usage of sunscreen application.
  • Non Smoker, less explosion to sun
  • Must not have an active viral skin infection and must be taking care of skin.
  • Treatment Types.
    Oral Medications.
  1. Antioxidant tablets.
    The ingredients of medicines help with skin tightening and reduce dark patches.
  2. Oral Sunscreens.
    Direct exposure to the sun is one of the main reasons behind skin pigmentation, especially in the body parts which are not covered. Oral sunscreens can be used to overcome the problem, these are available as pills, and provide extra protective effects of glutathione and vitamin C.
  • Topical Products.
  1. Lightening Creams.
    The most effective lightening cream contains hydroquinone, liquorice extract, N- acetylglucosamine, and vitamin B-3.these can make tone and lighter the dark spots. These creams contain vitamin C, mandelic acid, and Azelaic Acid.
  2. Retinoids- Derived from vitamin A, the small molecular structure of the retinoids allows them to deal with a presentation by entering into the skin.
  3. Topical Sunscreens-
    These products have ingredients to save skin from the dangers of UV rays and reduce already existing dark spots.
  4. Exfloaiting polishes.
    These are used to treat pigmentation ad they can remove dead cells from the skin. The creams have magnesium crystals, which effectively exfoliate the pigmentation in the affected area of the skin and make them lighter and more toned, the clogged pores of the saareareis are also cleaned by these polishes. These contain glycolic acid, mandelic acid, lactic acid, and retinoic acid,
  • Clinical Treatment.
  1. Chemical Peel.

It can exfoliate dead cells and resurface younger and healthier skin layers, Alpha hydroxy acid, glycolic acid and trichloroacetic acid are used as agents in various peels, depending on the weather you need a light, medium or deep peel treatment.

  1. Medi-Facial.

It’s an ability to improve healthier skin. It includes,
Brightening facial, super jet facial, laser peel, pumpkin facial, anti clock facial, intensive vitamin C facial and glass skin facial.

  1. Mesotherapy.

This pigmentation uses injectable agents to treat dark spots on the skin by using vitamins, enzymes, hormones, and plant extracts.

  1. Microneedling.

It’s a minimally invasive process, the new dermapin-4 technology makes it more effective. after the procedure, the meso serum like vitamin C, glutathione, ferulic acid, peel and retinol peel can penetrate deeper into the skin.

  1. Laser Peel.

It is safe and effective, the laser wavelengths destroy the dead cells and reduce the pigmentation, Q-Switched laser devices are more effective these days.

  1. IPL Therapy.

Intense pulse therapy is another laser pigmentation treatment process. It increases collagen production which naturally starts to treat the affected areas.

  1. Microdermabrasion.

It requires the use of medical devices to remove epidermis layers of skin by professional dermatologists.

  1. LED light Treatment.

The red LED light has positive effects on the skin and can prevent pigmentation even after sun exposure. Reduces sunburn and information. It has minimal downtime and is painless, safe and non-invasive.

  1. Photodynamic Treatment. ( PDT )

It has a very positive effect on the skin also known as super blue light treatment.
A photosensitizer is used to reduce pigmentation. Also, improve sunburn and fine lines.

  • Types of Skin Conditions treated for pigmentation.

Age spots, suntan, freckles, solar lentigines, frictional pigmentation, skin inflammation, reaction to drugs, and scars, can be treated by this process prescribed by the dermatologist.

  • Main Causes of Skin Pigmentation.

Sun exposure and hormonal changes are the main causes of pigmentation.

  • Doctors’ consultation and future care can give you healthier and less pigmented skin.
  • Conclusion.

Pigmentation is not physically harmful, but it can destroy the natural tone and brightness of the skin. Many treatments can reduce dark spots effectively.

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